Paradox of the Omnibenevolent Being

What is the Paradox of the Omnibenevolent Being?

Imagine you’re walking down a street and you see someone who can do anything, knows everything, and is completely loving, just standing there while a house is on fire. You’d think, “Why isn’t that person doing something?” This is what we’re talking about when we mention the Paradox of the Omnibenevolent Being. It’s like a tricky question that doesn’t seem to have a simple answer.

The paradox is about trying to figure out how a being that is supposed to be all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-good can exist when there are so many bad things, like pain and evil, in the world. It would make sense that if this being is all-powerful and loves everyone, it wouldn’t let bad things happen. But we see bad things happen all the time.


The big question has been around for a very long time, talked about by smart people who like to think about how the world works. This puzzle is closely related to what some people call the Problem of Evil. A really old thinker named Epicurus was one of the first to talk about it. It’s a huge question for religions where people believe in one all-powerful God, like Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.

Key Arguments

  • The Existence of Evil: If that super-powerful being can stop bad stuff, why doesn’t it? Maybe it means that the being isn’t totally powerful, or maybe not all-good. For example, when we see a natural disaster that hurts lots of people, we wonder why it happened if a kind, powerful being could have stopped it.
  • Omniscience and Free Will: Knowing everything includes knowing the future, right? So if this being knows every bad thing that’s going to happen, what does that mean for us making our own choices? If the future is already known, then it seems kind of like we don’t have real free choice after all. For instance, think about a friend deciding whether to cheat on a test. If the future is already set, was the choice really theirs to make?
  • Definitions of Good: What we think is good might not match up with what a supreme being thinks is good. Maybe pain and evil are part of a bigger plan we don’t get. But again, how can bad things be part of something good? Take, for example, someone going through a hard time but ending up stronger because of it. Some argue this could be a kind of “tough love” from the supreme being.

Answer or Resolution

Different people have tried to figure this out in their own ways. One common idea is that being free to choose means we can also choose bad things. Otherwise, we wouldn’t truly be making any choices at all. Another idea is that going through tough times builds character, kind of like going to the gym for your soul. Still, not everyone is convinced these ideas really explain the paradox, and that keeps the debate going.

Major Criticism

The main issue with the answers we have is that they don’t seem to match how big and serious the suffering in the world is. If a being is all-good and all-powerful, why would it use bad things to make a point or help us grow? Couldn’t it find a nicer way to do that? Because this question is still unanswered, the paradox stays a hot topic for deep thinkers.

Practical Applications

  • Personal Beliefs: How we make sense of bad stuff happening while also believing in a loving, powerful being can shake or strengthen our faith. It makes us think hard about what we believe in.
  • Moral Frameworks: This riddle can shape the way societies and people think about what is right or wrong. If good and evil aren’t as clear as we thought because of reasons we don’t know, making rules for behavior gets more complicated.
  • Justice Systems: Ideas about a kind God and the reasons for evil can change how people view laws and punishment. It asks us to think about why we punish — is it to teach a lesson, to fix something, or maybe for a reason we haven’t thought of yet?

Other Important Aspects

  • Theodicy: This is when people try to explain why God, who is supposed to be all good, would let bad things happen. They come up with reasons to show that God is still good, despite all the evil we see.
  • Dystheism: Some people believe that maybe God isn’t completely good and might even be responsible for evil. This idea answers the paradox by suggesting the supreme being isn’t all-good in the first place.
  • Skeptical Theism: This is the thought that we might not be able to understand why a supreme being does what it does. So, even if there’s evil, it doesn’t mean there isn’t an all-good God. The reasoning might just be too complex for us to get.

Why is it Important?

We might see the Paradox of the Omnibenevolent Being as something that only really brainy people talk about, but it actually touches everyone’s life. It can change how we view right and wrong, how we deal with the hard things that happen, and how we think about the higher power we believe in. For instance, if you believe in a good God, but see bad things in the news, you might wrestle with why those things happen and what they mean about God and the world.


The Paradox of the Omnibenevolent Being keeps us asking big questions about good, evil, and power. It’s been around for a long time and isn’t solved yet since people keep finding more to say about it. The discussions it starts are really important for how we think about faith and what it means to be good. At the end of the day, working through this paradox helps us understand our beliefs, the world around us, and our place in it a little bit better.